Monday, August 1, 2016

The Dakota Sioux Face of the Hopewell Mound Builders

The Dakota Sioux Face of the Hopewell Mound Builders

Many of the Mandan Indians were described as "European" in appearance with blonde hair and blue eyes.  This was from living a thousand years with the Indo European Adena in the Ohio Valley.  Their oral history, linguistic studies and historical accounts of the Miami and Illinois Indians place the Dakota Sioux in the Ohio Valley at the time of the Hopewell.

The Popular Science Monthly, 1908
The Sioux and Iroquois Legends, Prehistoric Aborigines of Minnesota and Their Migrations.” by N.H. Winchell
    The Osage and perhaps the Omaha, who belong to the Dakota stock, and who have a tradition which is confirmed by other traditions, that they once lived east of the Mississippi in that very region [southern Ohio].
     With this understanding it is, I repeat, a remarkable fact that, aside from the Muskogee earthworks of the gulf coast, which have distinctive characters, only the Dakotan and Iroquois stocks can be shown either by history or tradition to have been characteristic mound builders.

This legend is found amongst several of the Dakota tribes, and even amongst the later Algonquin who returned westward to the Mississippi Valley. The Osage, Omaha, Mandan, Kansa and Akansea, and Ponca. These tribes concur in saying that they formerly dwelt in the Ohio and Wabash valleys, and that they moved down the Ohio Valley, where they were separated into two divisions at the mouth of the Ohio River, some of them going down the Mississippi and some of them up the same river.